What is verb? Types of Verb

In this tutorial, we will discuss verbs and types of verbs.

What is Verb?

The verb is the action performed by the subject or is in the state of action is known as a verb. Or the words which give the idea of action, of doing something. The verb is derived from the Latin word ‘Verbum’.

For example run, work, seem, look, play, all the words which show the state of doing work are known as Verb.

  • Jones plays cricket.
  • jones is looking at me.

Types of Verbs

    • Finite Verb
      • Main Verb
      • Helping  Verb
      • Linking Verb
    • Non-finite Verb
      • Infinite
      • Gerunds
      • Participles

What is verb? Types of Verb

Finite Verb

Finite Verbs are the verbs that are the root words of a sentence and change according to the tense (present, future, past)

The finite verb is of three types the main verb, helping verb/auxiliary verb, linking verb.

  • Sam went to college.
  • Sam plays Hockey.
  • He is playing for India
  • He is one of the best players in India. (Here, the verb ‘is’ shows relation with the subject.)


Main Verb

The main verb is the verb that indicates what the subject of a sentence performs. Main verbs can make the listener/reader feel emotions, see scenes more accurately. Something that an animal or a human being is doing. They are also known as a lexical verb

  • The sun shines.
  • The Dog barks.
  • The monkey jumps.

Main verbs can be transitive and intransitive.

Transitive verbs must have a direct object. A transitive verb shows the action done over another noun.


  • She painted the car. (The verb ‘paint’ is the action done over another word Car)
  • He is reading the newspaper. (The verb ‘read’ is acting upon the other word newspaper)

Intransitive verbs do not act upon anything. They may be followed by an adjective, adverb, preposition, or another part of speech.


  • She smiled. (The verb ‘smile’ does not depend upon any object)
  • I wake up at 6 AM. (No object is needed for this verb)

Linking Verb

Linking verbs are the verbs that connect the subject to the word to make a complete sentence and gives information about it.

Subject + Linking Verb + Subject Complement.

some examples of linking verb (is, are, am, was, were, look, seem, Act, feel, remain, appear, become, seem, smell, sound, grow, look, prove, stay, taste, turn.)

  • He looks happy.
  • They are boys.
  • The food seemed delicious.

Helping/Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verbs are also called helping verbs. An auxiliary verb joins with the main verb for helping to show time, tense, and possibility. (are, is, have, do, etc)

  • Sam is going to school.
  • They are walking in the garden.
  • I have finished my homework.
  • Do you drink coffee?


Non-finite Verbs

A non-finite verb is a verb in which tense is not used. we cannot tell whether the sentence is in the past tense, present tense, or future tense, these types of verbs are known as Non-finite verbs. Thus, the non-finite verb can never be the main verb of a sentence.

Non-finite verbs perform as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs or they are combined with a finite verb for verb tense.

  • We are ready to play now.
  • I felt it difficult to comprehend.
  • It is good to know that you can cook as well.

Generally, there are three types of non-finite verbs:

  • Gerunds
  • Infinitives
  • Participles


Gerunds are the words that act as nouns. Or we can say that ending with +ing in last reading, dancing, singing, bathing, etc

  • Walking is good for Health.
  • Swimming is good for Health


An infinitive verb is a basic form of a verb, “to” is added with the verb to form the infinitive verb.

  • I like to read.
  • To exercise is a good habit


A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, verb, and then plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.

There are two types of Participles:

Present Participles

The present participle shows the action in present and by adding +ing form: (e.g., writing, singing, and raising).

  • the rising sun
  • the boiling water
  • the breaking news

Past Participles

The past participle shows the action past tense, but some have different forms: (e.g., written, sung, and raised).

  • the risen sun
  • the boiled water
  • the broken news
  • the cooked ham


You can also read these:

What is Pronoun? and Types of Pronoun

What is Noun? and Types of Noun

What is Verb? and Types of Verb

What is an Adjective?

What is an Adverb?

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