Hypertext Transfer Protocol


HTTP is also known as Hypertext Transfer Protocol, it is a network protocol to access the www(World Wide Web) data.

HTTP allows the data you shared data in form of Audio, Hypertext, Vedio, etc. It is known as Hypertext because it jumps from one document to another. It is similar to FTP(File Transfer Protocol) which transfers data from one host to another, the only difference is that HTTP uses only one connection to transfer the data, there is no control connections.

HTTP upload and share data in form of MIME Format, HTTP is also similar to SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) as it also transfers data from client to server and server to client, the only difference is that HTTP doesn’t store data or message, it directly share message or data whereas SMTP first store data or message in it and then forwards to the client/server.

Some Features of HTTP:

  • HTTP is a Connectionless protocol: Https is known as Connectionless protocol because when client transfer data or message it waits for a response and when the server-side receives the message or request then the server starts processing and send back the requested/data response to the client and after this, the client disconnects the connection. This is because it is known as a connectionless protocol because the connection exists only during the request and response times.
  • HTTP is a Media independent: It is known as a Media-Independent because data/file/information can be bigger and both side client and server know-how bigger is data and how to handle/control it. And it is important to specify the content type in the MIME-type header.
  • HTTP is Stateless: It is known as a stateless connection protocol because they know each other only during the connection of responding and requesting and then after disconnection, they are unknown to each other and this feature helps in data/information security.



The Main and important difference between HTTP and HTTPS is that HTTPS is more secure than HTTP because HTTPS provides SSL and TLS digital certificates which secure data communication between server and client and encrypt the communication with code.

HTTP works on the Application Layer of OSI Model on port 80 and HTTPS works on the Transport Layer of OSI Model on port 443.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Advantage of HTTP:

The main advantage of HTTP is that it is faster than HTTPS because it doesn’t provide SSL or encrypted data which takes time in communication. Also, it can run over Firewalls which can run any application.

Advantage of HTTPS

Most of the websites are running on HTTPS like smartiqhub.com which means these websites are more secure. Highly secure for online transactions or online banking because your connection is secure and protected by SSL.

When you by mistake type HTTP:// in place of HTTPS:// it will automatically reload you to HTTPS (only if the website is in HTTPS).

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

What Is Uniform Resource Locator (URL)?

Whenever you want to access or want the information related to any document or tutorial you need an address through which you can access that document, HTTPS/HTTP uses the concept of URL(Uniform Resouce Locator), through which you can visit the desired destination or document.

Mainly there are Four parts in every URL:-

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

  • Method: Method is a protocol used to retrieve data from an HTTP/HTTPS server.
  • Host: Host is like computer storage where information is stored like web pages and this host is given an alias name known as “www”.
  • Port: In URL there is a Port Number of the server.
  • Path: Path is a pathname of a file where the document or data is stored.

You can also read these topics:

What is Hub? Types of hub


What is Switch? and types of Switch

What is a Router? and How it works?

What is Unicast, Multicast & Broadcast?

What is OSI Model? Layer’s of OSI Model

What is Network Topology? and its types

What is Computer Network and why we need it?

What are the components of a Computer Network?

What is Switching in Computer Networks? and types of Switching

What is Data Transmission Modes? Types of Transmission Modes?

What is Data Transmission Media? and Types of Transmission Media

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